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Camellia Care指南(如何在花园里种华丽的山茶花)

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找出有关山茶花护理需要了解的所有信息,以便您可以在花园里种植,成长和修剪美丽的茶花。

Camellia Care指南:如何成长山茶花
Camellia Care指南:如何成长山茶花

每年的这个时候,我在全世界绝对喜欢的植物是山茶。这主要是由于它们是常绿的灌木和在冬天开花。

但是这些灌木丛不只是盛开。他们有大美丽的“从院子里看他们”盛开。

如果您将它们种在正确的位置,那么您甚至不必出门就可以享受它们。

茶花in a container by the deck
茶花in a container by the deck

I did just that (accidentally I have to admit). I planted one in a container that is straight across the yard from my bedroom window.

在冬天,当我早上打开窗帘时,我可以看到它的华丽盛开。这也是一件好事,这也是冬季盛开的植物。在夏天,还有许多其他的灌木丛和树木,叶子的视野将被遮挡。

Camellia Japonica'peputante'
Camellia Japonica的“初次亮相”

Of course, they are even prettier viewed up close, and if you have planted a fragrant variety, you won’t want to miss the wonderful scent.

In case you love them as much as I do and were wondering what is required for Camellia care, I thought I would share what I’ve learned.

Where To Plant Camellias

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Zones: 6 – 10

太阳: Part shade

Height: 18″ – 25′

Width: 18″ – 12′

This is somewhat of a new found love for me. Camellias are more of a warm-climate bush, so I wasn’t able to grow them when I lived in Toronto (although I was always jealous of people who could!)

当我搬到南卡罗来纳州时,我确保得到一个……从那时起,我积累了很多收藏。

Camellia Japonica“ Nuccio的珠宝”
Camellia Japonica“ Nuccio的珠宝”

Depending on the variety, they can be small bushes (4′ tall and wide), small trees (25′ tall and 12′ wide) or pretty much anything in between. So make sure to get one that will fit the spot where you want to plant it.

While most Camellias thrive in zones 7 – 9, there are some varieties that can be grown in colder temperatures (zone 6) and or warmer ones (zone 10). Check the label to make sure the bush you are buying is suitable for your area.

茶花Care: How To Grow Beautiful Camellias

In general, Camellias prefer part shade, especially in the afternoon. Although once they get going, they are pretty adaptable. I have some that are growing in full sun and some in pretty close to full shade, and they all are doing quite well.

How To Grow Camellias

茶花Care: How To Grow Beautiful Camellias

山茶花是生长速度相当缓慢的植物,这意味着它们在种植后需要一段时间才能建立。

他们的浅根系统也意味着它们可以迅速干燥。因此,我总是在植物周围涂上3英寸 - 4英寸的双层树皮覆盖物。它有助于调节土壤温度和水分水平。

I also try toinstall soaker hosesaround them so it is easier to make sure that they get the water they need.

茶花s grow best in soil that is slightly acidic (similar toRhododendronsandMountain Laurel). To make sure they are happy with their growing conditions, you can apply a littleRhododendron and Azalea fertilizer*in the spring which will promote healthy leaves. Although don’t overdo it, or you can burn those shallow roots.

If you live at the northern end of their range (zone 6), you may want to plant your Camellias in the spring to give them some time to settle in before the colder winter weather strikes.

修剪山茶花

Camellia Japonica'Jerry Hill'
Camellia Japonica“ Jerry Hill”

I do very little in the way of pruning when it comes to Camellias.

它们以非常谦虚的方式生长,因此很少需要塑造。我刚剪掉偶尔的死树枝。

If you do need to prune them for some reason, do it right after they finish blooming so you don’t remove next year’s buds.

芽滴

茶花Care: How To Grow Beautiful Camellias

One thing to note…most of my Camellias have some buds that fail to open and just drop off the plants. I always wondered if I was missing something in my Camellia care that was causing this…so I decided to find out.

According to theClemson University Camellia Guide,,,,this could be caused by not enough water in the summer (entirely possible some years around here).

But it is also a normal phenomenon with Camellias. Apparently, many of them set more buds than they can open, and the rest just fall off.

茶花类型

有很多不同种类的山茶花,但这里有一些最常见的地方:

茶花Japonica

Camellia Japonica'D.W.夫人戴维斯的
Camellia Japonica‘Mrs D.W. Davis’

Camellia Japonica是最常见的物种,这是有原因的。

It has a really wide selection of varieties with different heights, flower colors and sizes, and bloom times. You can also find just about any shape of flower that you like – single, semi-double, double, formal double or full peony form.

If you buy a few different plants and pay attention to when they bloom, you can have at least one of these Camellias flowering in your garden from September all the way until April.

茶花sasanquaand Camelliavernalis

Camelia vernalis 'Yuletide'
Camelia vernalis ‘Yuletide’

茶花sasanquaand山茶花tend to be on the smaller side of the height range and have somewhat smaller flowers with single or semi double blooms.

Their big claim to fame is that most of them are fragrant. Who doesn’t love beautiful flowers that also smell good?

茶花sinensis

茶花sinensis or Tea Camellia

Kenpei的Camellia Sinensis,,,,CC BY-SA 3.0

茶花sinensisis also known as the Tea Camellia. Although it blooms in the fall, many people grow it (as you might have guessed) to make tea leaves. Green, black, white and oolong teas all are produced from the tea camellia foliage.

I don’t have one of these in my garden yet, but the pink-blooming variety is on my list!

[blockquote align=”center”]

提示:如果您想找到在不同时间开花的山茶花,Gardenia.net有一个茶花搜索工具那将有所帮助。

[/blockquote]

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茶花Care: How To Grow Beautiful Camellias

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14条评论

  1. 凯茜 says:

    My camellia dried out and leaves are brown. Is there anything I can do to revive it

    1. 万达 says:

      嗨,凯茜...您可以尝试在几个星期内给它多加水,看看它是否会回来。如果幸运的话,根源还没有死,它将开始重新成长。

  2. Annabel says:

    去年我的骆驼树在蓬勃发展。今年,叶子看上去受感染并掉落。我没有花。这些灌木是常见的疾病。

    1. 万达·西蒙妮 says:

      Hi Annabel…there are a few different issues that could cause problems with your Camellia.This articlefrom Clemson University does a good job explaining what they are and how to fix them.

  3. judi says:

    are camellias deer resistant, keep flowering, perennials, shade loving, don’t grow into tree(no higher than two-three feet tall)?

    1. 万达·西蒙妮 says:

      朱迪(Judi)嗨……既定的山茶花通常不是鹿的首选,但是他们会吃年轻的植物,有时还会吃花。他们每年都会开花,并在阴影中成长。但是,大多数人的长度将比三英尺高,但是确切的高度取决于品种。如果您的较短,则可以通过在盛开后立即将其放回3英尺高。

  4. Kim Harris says:

    种植后多长时间会开花

    1. 万达·西蒙妮 says:

      你好金…这取决于品种和th的时代e plant when you buy it. If it is very small/young, it can take up to 5 years for them to bloom. I try to buy them when they are already blooming…that way I know for sure what color they are and that they will likely produce flowers the next year.

  5. Renate says:

    Hi Cathy, I have a Yuletide camelback that bloomed beautifully throughout November. Now it’s leaves have turned a very yellow green instead of staying that lovely deep dark green. I think it started as a watering issue – too little, then too much. What I do to help return it to a healthy green?

    1. 万达·西蒙妮 says:

      Hi Renate…most of the time yellow leaves on Camellias are because the soil is too alkaline. Try adding some Rhododendron fertilizer to see if it helps.

  6. 芭芭拉 says:

    多年来一直想尝试其中之一!如此美丽!我住在田纳西州的W.,想知道什么时候应该种山茶花?在房屋的哪一侧,以保护,阳光等?谢谢!

    1. 万达·西蒙妮 says:

      嗨,芭芭拉(Barbara)...您可以在春季或秋季种植山茶花。我没有在房子上种植房子的唯一一侧是南侧。我认为夏天在那里有点太热和晴朗(除非您有一些树木可以提供阴影)。东侧可能是最好的(早晨的阳光和下午阴影)。花可能有点细腻,因此将它们放在风中(由您的房屋或其他植物)避开的地方有帮助。

  7. 卡罗尔修补匠 says:

    哪种物种会在整个阴影中生长出最好的东西?我正在寻找几个隐私植物(树种),很想尝试茶花。
    谢谢,卡罗尔

    1. 万达·西蒙妮 says:

      Hi Carol…Camellias would make a beautiful privacy hedge! I have Camellia japonica “Nuccio’s Pearl” and Camellia japonica “Pink Perfection” growing in total shade and they bloom reliably every year. I haven’t tried any of the Camellia sasanqua varieties in full shade (they do very well with morning sun and afternoon shade), so I can’t say for sure how well they would do.