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如何选择正确的高架灯具

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如何选择正确的灯具
如何选择正确的灯具

Recently I have been in the market for a new kitchen chandelier. I still liked the original one, but unfortunately it had been exposed to some extra-hot light bulbs which burned the inside drum leaving some unsightly brown spots. I have 7 steps that I use to help me with the selection process. This helps to narrow down the vast selection of options that are available, and these are the steps for how to choose the right overhead light fixture for my room.

我的厨房枝形吊灯带灯泡燃烧标记| How To Choose The Right Overhead Light Fixture
我的厨房枝形吊灯带灯泡燃烧标记

在我购物很长一段时间内将在房子里的任何物品之前,我列出了我想要的东西。由于我每天都在看它,因此我想确保我找到自己喜欢的东西,这将做我需要做的事情。虽然我列表中的内容的详细信息是我和我的厨房,但我回答的问题清单可用于任何购买。单击下一步以了解如何为您的房间选择正确的顶部灯具。

问题1 - 灯具将在哪里安装?

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饭厅里的吊灯|如何选择正确的灯具
Chandelier in the dining room

The first step to help you choose the right ceiling fixture may seem a little obvious. Where will the light fixture be installed? Is it going to be a single fixture in the middle of the great room ceiling, a light over the tub in the bathroom, multiple lights over a kitchen island or a statement fixture over the dining room table?

The answer will probably have an effect on the type of lighting…vaulted great room ceilings usually look best with large fixtures that help fill in the space.

Bathroom lighting (especially over tubs and showers) requires water-resistant fixtures that meet building code standards.

Kitchen fixtures are exposed to grease, so you probably want something that is easy to clean.

和餐厅设备通常用于添加ambiance to the room so you might want something with crystals that will help diffuse the light. Think about the location where your light fixture is going to make sure you have considered the requirements for the space.

单击此处查看其余的饭厅改建,该餐厅安装了该枝形吊灯。

问题2 - 灯具将用于什么?

Light fixture in the stairway | How To Choose The Right Light Fixture | www.fromh2h.com
Light fixture over the stairway

Figuring out what the light will be used for helps to determine what style of light you want.

如果是房间中的主要光源,您将需要相当明亮的东西,并允许光线散布在整个房间(换句话说,灯具都需要使用至少60瓦的多个灯泡)。

For task lighting, you want something that will focus most of the light on the task at hand…could be a one bulb fixture that can be pointed in the direction that you need the light to go, and takes at least a 100 Watt bulb.

If it is to provide ambiance, you might be more concerned with the look of the light fixture than how many watts of light it will put out.

看到马楼梯keover that included this chandelier, click here.

Question 3 – How close to the ceiling is the light fixture?

选择灯具时考虑天花板高度| How To Choose The Right Light Fixture | www.fromh2h.com
选择灯具时考虑天花板高度

步骤3是找出您需要的固定类型。这通常由固定装置的天花板高度和放置决定。

A light in the middle of a room with 8 foot ceilings will likely need to be a flush mount or semi-flush mount so that people can walk underneath it without worrying about hitting their heads. In the same room, a chandelier or pendant would work just fine installed over a large table or island (where people cannot walk). The rule of thumb is that the bottom of a pendant installed over a table or island should be 30″ to 36″ above the surface to provide adequate light and not block the view across the room.

Another potential deciding factor is the slope of the ceiling. If your ceiling is flat, you are not limited in selection, however if you have a sloped ceiling (like in my kitchen), you must find a fixture that will work with sloped ceilings. This pretty much eliminates flush mount and most semi-flush mount fixtures. And if you buy recessed lighting, make sure to get the kind that rotates so that you can point the light in the right direction. Some pendants that have wires instead of chains will also be off the list since the wires will not hang properly if the ceiling is on an angle.

Ceiling Fixture Types

Recessed Lighting– Installed into the ceiling and does not hang down into the room at all (these require holes to be cut into the ceiling drywall if you don’t have recessed lights already installed).

Flush Mount- 安装在天花板高度,仅悬挂几英寸。这些通常在具有8英尺或更低天花板的房间中使用,因为它们不会干扰试图穿越空间的人们。

半浮动坐骑- 基本上与冲洗安装座相同,但固定装置又向下悬挂在房间中,因此,它们的高度可能是8英寸或4英寸,而不是8英寸或10英寸的高度。他们增加了更多的戏剧性,并且经常在没有链条的情况下以枝形吊灯状的形状出现。

Chandelier or Pendant Lighting– These fixtures hang from a chain or wires, and include the hanging length as well as the fixture height to determine how far into the room they extend.

Track Lighting– Installed on a track at ceiling height and the fixtures are hooked onto the track. These fixtures can either be close-to-the ceiling or pendants depending on where you have installed the track.

问题4 - 灯具应该有多大?

灯具应适合房间的大小| How To Choose The Right Light Fixture | www.fromh2h.com
灯具应适合房间的大小

Decide how wide and tall the light fixture should be. Generally, larger rooms require larger fixtures (or multiple smaller ones) to look in proportion with the room. If you are installing a chandelier over a table, the width of the chandelier should be at least 12″ smaller than the width of the table to prevent people from hitting it when they stand up.

问题5 - 灯具应该是什么颜色或饰面?

确定固定装置颜色|如何选择正确的灯具|www.fromh2h.com
Decide on the fixture color

步骤5是为您的固定装置决定基本饰面或颜色。您可以选择多个列表,但是能够说您想要镀铬或水晶吊灯有助于消除所有黄金或陶瓷。可移动的物品(例如阴影和晶体)并不那么关键,因为您通常可以单独购买以匹配房间(但是您需要确保在插入灯具之前可以找到所需的颜色)。

问题6 - 您想要哪种风格的固定装置?

选择固定装置的样式|如何选择正确的灯具|www.fromh2h.com
Choose the style of fixture

为了使您的灯具适合房间,您需要获得适合装饰风格的一种。带有直线直线的现代镀铬固定装置可能会在法国乡村厨房中看起来不合时宜。如果您不确定房间是什么样式,请尝试找到看起来与您房间相似的图片,并注意它们使用的照明类型。

问题7 - 您要购买哪个灯具?

购买您喜欢的固定装置!| How To Choose The Right Light Fixture | www.fromh2h.com
购买您喜欢的固定装置!

Once you have figured out the answers to all of these questions, you can use your decisions to help you choose the right overhead light fixture for your room. A lot of lighting web sites will have the fixtures categorized by style, color/finish, type and size, so you can easily filter the list. Then look for ones that you love and (of course) fit your budget…you should be able to narrow the choices down to a manageable list and pick one that you will make you happy every time you walk in the room!

To see the bedroom makeover that includes this chandelier, click here.

Have comments or questions about How To Choose the Right Overhead Light Fixture? Tell us in the section below.

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4 Comments

  1. Jan Lauffer says:

    非常感谢!我的眼睛感觉到了这一点,但是有帮助您的确认很有帮助。这是第二个问题:我们最近购买了乌木婴儿大钢琴。它很漂亮。我致力于整个房间。我喜欢Wedgewood或荷兰蓝色〜,并收集了我将要展示的大姨妈继承的英语蓝色和白色菜肴。有一个由种植园百叶窗框起来的大窗户。您如何看待这种戏剧和美丽的颜色?谢谢你的帮助!

    1. Wanda says:

      嗨,Jan…听起来很棒!我认为蓝色会使钢琴脱颖而出,并且(我认为)很难用蓝色,白色和黑色的组合出错

  2. Jan says:

    Is there a rule of thumb with shape? Does a round light hang over a round table; a rectangular over a rectangle? An oval over an oval table?

    1. Wanda says:

      Hi Jan…Round light fixtures can be used pretty much anywhere…since they’re the most common shape, they are available in pretty much all styles and sizes. If you have a really long rectangular or oval table, you might want to hang 2 round light fixtures, one towards each end of the table. I probably wouldn’t put a rectangular or oval light fixture over a round table (the proportions wouldn’t look right in most cases). However, you could put a rectangular or oval light fixture over either a rectangular or oval table. As long as the fixture is the right size (about 6 to 12 inches smaller than the width of the table) and style for the room, either would work. Hope this helps!